Over the past 20 years, there has been a rise of alternative dispute resolution movement and restorative justice all over the world. The alternative dispute resolutions include negotiation, arbitration and mediation. For the first time in the history of Turkey, mediation will also be an option to solve legal matters between parties.

Mediation allows disputing parties to reach an agreement, thanks to the participation of a neutral third party. In contrast to litigation and arbitration, the third party has no authoritative power over the parties and he/she cannot impose a decision on the parties. It is said that the decision proposed by the mediation is not binding on the parties unless otherwise agreed by the parties. Therefore, the mediation should only facilitate that parties can reach an amiable agreement that can put an end to their dispute.